A set of instructions that is used for an activity is called an algorithm.
A graphical representation of a set of instructions is called a flow chart.
|Oval||To start / end|
|Parallelogram||Input / Output|
|Kite or diamond shape||For conditions and looping|
|Lines||Flow of program|
|Connectors||To connect small programs|
The set of instructions written in binary digit 0 or 1 is called machine code.
Advantages and disadvantages of machine code
Program written in machine code is executed very fast because machine code is directly understood by the computer, there is no need for conversion of code.
and disadvantage of machine code is machine dependent and difficult to program.
A language in which code is written in alphanumeric symbols instead of 0 or 1 is called assembly language.